Cognitive / Perceptual Development
What is it?
Children’s minds are constantly working and processing, and as they grow older and more mature and learn more about the world, they’re able to better process and understand the things that they do, hear and see. This is called cognitive development.
Perceptual development is an aspect of cognitive development that allows a young child to start interpreting and understanding what they touch, see, smell, hear, and taste.
Timing & Rhythm is the ability to control the timing of attention span, response and working memory (the information that your brain retains as it comes in and before it is converted to long-term storage).
Directionality is the understanding of the direction in which a person or objects moves.
Spatial Awareness is the ability to understand the relationships: a) between oneself and other people. b) between oneself and other objects. c) objects in relation to other objects.
Touch is the ability of the brain to correctly transmit information through the skin and the fingertips. It involves touching and feeling various textures, temperatures, surfaces, shapes and forms.
Why is it important?
Cognitive development is an important aspect of overall child development because among the areas of cognitive development are information processing, intelligence, reasoning, language development, and memory.
Cognitive / perceptual development concerns include:
Download the following development charts. Please note that each chart is based on averages and is to be used as a guideline only.
If you have concerns about a child’s cognitive or perceptual skills, have the child assessed by a GP or pediatrician.