Hand-Eye Coordination

Hand-eye coordination

What is it?

Hand-eye coordination is the collaboration between the eye and the hands so that movements directed by the eye can be carried out efficiently.


Hand-eye coordination includes:

  • activities that involve aim
  • threading beads
  • tearing and crumpling up paper
  • screwing lids on and off of bottles and containers
  • pegging clothes pegs
  • pegboard games
  • cutting paper with scissors

Why is it important?

Visual perception is crucial for coordination activities. If visually presented information is not perceived correctly, the muscles will get incorrect messages resulting in an inappropriate motor response.

Children that have deficits in hand-eye coordination may experience problems in other areas such as eye foot coordination, bilateral coordination (combining both sides of the body together), body awareness, activities of daily living, physical education or sports, and copying visual information.

Visual Motor difficulties can lead to poor handwriting, copying skills and poor memory of what was written, due to the extra effort required to write the information down.


Hand-eye coordination challenges include:

  • holding a crayon/brush/scissors incorrectly
  • difficulty handling a crayon/brush/scissors
  • cutting out badly
  • difficulty fastening buttons
  • difficulty dressing and undressing
  • drawing and colouring in unevenly
  • difficulty throwing, catching, hitting and bouncing a ball

Here is our Ages and Stages Visual Perception Chart for you to view and/or print.

Please note that the chart is based on averages and is to be used as a guideline only.