Socio-Emotional Development

Fine motor development

What is it?

Social-emotional development includes the child’s experience, expression, and management of emotions and the ability to establish positive and rewarding relationships with others.


  • interactions with adults
  • interactions with peers
  • identity of self in relation to others
  • recognition of ability
  • expression of emotion
  • emotion regulation
  • empathy
  • impulse control
  • social understanding
  • self-confidence
  • teamwork
  • perseverance
  • competition
  • turn-taking

Why is it important?

Children experience, express, and perceive emotions before they fully understand them. In order to recognize, manage, and communicate their emotions and to perceive and understand the emotions of others, children need to build the skills required to do so.

These growing abilities help children to become competent in negotiating complex social interactions, to participate effectively in relationships and group activities, and to gain the benefits of social support essential for healthy human development and functioning.


Socio-emotional challenges include:

  • difficulty in identifying and understanding one’s own feelings
  • difficulty in accurately reading and comprehending emotional reactions from others.
  • difficulty in managing strong emotions and expressing them in a constructive manner
  • difficulty in controlling one’s own behavior
  • difficulty in developing compassion for others
  • difficulty in establishing and maintaining relationships